• Business and Human Rights

    This strand of research examines multinational corporations, FDI, and human rights protection.

    In this strand of my research I examine the interplay between business and human rights. I am interested in factors that influence state repression, and in particular, how FDI comes into play.

    Publications:

    • Krishna C. Vadlamannati, Nicole Janz, and Øyvind I. Berntsen (2018). “Human Rights Shaming and FDI: Effects of the UN Human Rights Commission and Council.” World Development, 104, 222-237.
    • Nicole Janz (2018). “Foreign Direct Investment and Repression: An Analysis Across Industry Sectors, Journal of Human Rights, 17:2, 163-183.

    Ongoing (selected):

    • Repressive repertoire: This project argues that expropriation of foreign assets signals that a leader or regime is willing to take extreme measures to preserve its power. We show that expropriation is often connected to wider repressive strategies. We ask: Does expropriation of foreign investment tell us something about repressive strategies of states? (with Paasha Mahdavi and Noel Johnston)
    • Labour standards: Does FDI affect different types of labour standards in different ways? We find differences in the impact of FDI and provide new theory on the ‘race to the bottom’ (with Luca Messerschmidt)
    • Extractive industries: US Multinationals from the extractive industry negatively affect human rights – a theoretical and empirical assessment across industry sectors (with Indra de Soysa, Krishna Vadlamannati)
  • Corruption and Transparency in Brazil

    This project examines corrupt practices, and aims to encourage government and universities in Brazil to work transparently.

    Funder: Newton Fund (British Academy)
    UK host: Dr Nicole Janz
    Brazil partner: Dr Dalson Figueiredo

    Duration: September 2016 – April 2019

    Brazil currently faces the challenges of its government lacking transparency in the dissemination of administrative data, particularly on corruption. Similarly, the majority of Brazilian social scientists do not provide access to their data. In this project, we:

    • conduct a novel study on corruption in Brazil and to make data publicly accessible
    • conduct transparency workshops for researchers and civil servants

    Most corruption research relies on perception-based surveys to capture corruption. In contrast, our novel observational data from court convictions reveals how different corrupt practices are brought before Brazilian courts, how long it takes to judge them, who the offenders are (politicians, civilians, companies), and how strict the punishment was. This rich data allows us to map corruption-related crimes within public administration, to assess how effectively courts enforce anti-corruption laws, and to understand impunity in one of the most corrupt countries in the world.

    More info about this project is here.

    This research is funded through a Newton Fund Mobility grant (British Academy) ref: NG106153.

  • Reproducibility and Replication

    I engage in outreach, teaching and training to improve scientific integrity and transparency.

    I am involved in a number of initiatives to promote research transparency. I am an ambassador at the Center for Open Science (CFO), a catalyst at the Berkeley Initiative for Transparency in the Social Sciences (BITSS), and a fellow at the Project Teaching Integrity in Empirical Research (TIER). I write about reproducibility on my blog and tweet at @polscireplicate.

    Some outputs are:

    1. Nicole Janz (2016). “Bringing the Gold Standard into the Classroom: Replication in University Teaching.” International Studies Perspectives 17(4): 392–407. doi:10.1111/insp.12104
    2. Nils Petter Gleditsch, and Nicole Janz (2016). “Replication in International Relations.” International Studies Perspectives 17(4): 361–366. doi:10.1093/isp/ekv003
    3. Joseph K. Young, and Nicole Janz (2015) “What Social Science Can Learn From the LaCour Scandal”, The Chronicle of Higher Education June 3, 2015. URL: https://www.chronicle.com/article/What-Social-Science-Can-Learn/230645
    4. Nicole Janz, Seth Werfel, and Stephanie Wykstra (2014) “Replication in Political Science Graduate Courses: an Untapped Resource?” Monkey Cage – The Washington Post. February 12, 2014. URL: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/02/12/replication-in-political-science-graduate-courses-an-untapped-resource/
    5. Nicole Janz (2015) “Is withholding your data simply bad science, or should it fall under scientific misconduct?” LSE Impact Blog. July 3rd, 2015. URL: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2015/07/03/data-secrecy-bad-science-or-scientific-misconduct/
    6. Founder of Academic blog: Political Science Replication Blog (2013–) URL: https://politicalsciencereplication.wordpress.com/